R.A.P.I Underground • Bogdan Gîrbovan and Michele Bressan
R.A.P.I. presents the “Underground” project, developed between 2014-2016. The duo, Michele Bressan / Bogdan Gîrbovan, take up the “magnets” myth (locals from Romanian villages that are situated near the WW2 areas, who recovered remains from the battlefields as to benefit from selling them to metal recyclers), in order to structure a photographic index and offer new historical information.
The intention is to generate new landmarks, which in turn establish a connection between the natural environment and the historical space. The project explores this relation by studying how the remains of civilization are periodically absorbed and integrated in nature. In the same time, the approach functions as a reminder of the inescapable gravity, highlighting how, at some point, everything ends up in the ground. The use of the metal detector creates a visual bridge between spaces and objects. The selected zones are presently unpopulated, but have had registered human activity in the past, with either confirmed or unconfirmed historical importance. The direct relation with the ground and also with local memory associates a landart dimension to the project, making a turn from a scientific approach to one that is artistic and performative.
The project forms around two layers. First, the landscape – working perimeter – is presented. Then the objects are separated from their medium, de-contextualised and photographed in a controlled setup, so that the objective representation of their form becomes a showcase, almost abstract, and hints to other interpretations. The two layers construct a series of archeological episodes in which photography is used as a indexing medium and study instrument.
The aim is to develop an archive of explorations, structured in the form of an index that presents both the explored areas and the objects found in their underground. R.A.P.I. focused the ”Underground” project on the major conflict areas within the Romanian territory, covering several WW1 and WW2 battlefields and investigated how the recovered artifacts can define the historical identity of the places of interest. The value of the objects can is in this way be restored, and the link between landscape and the events that occurred in it re-established, through the witness value of the metallic remains. Field work, especially excavation, constitute the performative structure of the approach. The voyeurism inherent to resurfacing objects that are lost in the ground and in time proposes a new historical mapping that complements the existing one, suggesting that both our past and future can be found underground.
* The explored areas are Brașov, where the ”Battle for Predeal” took place in 1917, and Valea Culeșa / Borta Dracului (Devil’s Pit) Valley in the Neamț county, a perimeter of WW2 historical importance, where 14.000 soldiers died in 1944, between Romanian, German and Soviet troops (an episode totally undocumented due to the Communist censorship).
** The use of the metal detector is executed within current legislation and by force of an authorisation issued in this respect. All the live ammunition found were declared and handed over to the authorities. All the human remains were announced to the local authorities and treated with great respect. The soldier’s remains were buried at the local military mausoleum
Bogdan Gîrbovan (b. 1981, Dr. Tr. Severin, Romania) lives and works in Bucharest, Romania. In 2008 he graduated Fine Arts Academy Bucharest, photography department.
By now, he had 5 personal exhibitions in: Bucharest, Timisoara and Paris. Participated at several group exhibitions in: Bucharest, Madrid, Zurich, Prague, Paris, Istanbul, Swansea. His photographs were published in a few contemporary art magazines: The Postbox, Punctum, NYArts Magazine, Fotografija, IDEA.
Michele Bressan (b.1980, Trieste, Italy) is a visual artist working with photography, video and installations; since 1993 established in Bucharest, Romania. During the last years his works has been exhibited in several shows and important contexts, such as: 2016 – ’’Latitudes – Humanscapes”, L. Kanellopoulos Art Centre, Eleusis, Greece; 2016 – ”Sunt Omul Invizibil”, National Museum of Contemporary Art Bucharest; 2015 – ”Inventing the Truth”, Romania participation at 56th Biennale di Venezia, Italy; 2014 – ”The Source Collage Open Call”, Tate Britain, London, UK; 2014 – “Les Rencontres Internationales”, Gaite Lyrique and Palais de Tokyo, Paris; 2013 – ”Recorded Memories”, Museum für Photographie Braunschweig, Germany; 2011 – ”Les Rencontres d’Arles” Photo Festival, Huit Gallery, Arles, France; 2011 – ”Gate11 international departures”, Fondazione Fotografia Modena, Italy.
In 2009 he graduated the Academy of Fine Arts Bucharest, photography and video department, obtaining in 2011 his BA in photography and dynamic imaging. In 2009 he was a Henkel Award nominee and in the same year he won the ESSL Award for photography, Romania. In 2010 he received the Constantin Brancusi fellowship at the Cite’ Internationale des Arts Paris, France, and took part in several other residency programs.